The ruins of Pergamon cross the river in Bergama's pleasant, modern city. The deep-bedded Caicus River flowing through the town adds to Bergama's quiet charms. Pergamon's archaeological sights, towering 330 m above the town, are extensive and impressive.
Its ruins, loping over more than 3000 acres, are located on two main sites. The Acropolis, which looms above the town, and with one world's wealthiest libraries, the ruins make it one of Turkey's finest archaeological sites.
Extremely worthwhile UNESCO world heritage site atop a massive hill. It's high, panoramic views, its establishment, and the whole city complex in itself; you will love this place because it's overlooking the entire town. The theater on the side of the hill is simply amazing. The most notable attraction is the mammoth theater, capable of seating 10.000 spectators.
It is the steepest theater whole Mediterranean coastline. Most of the Altar of Zeus, consisting of the remains of a marble offering table, graces the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. The Temple was the "throne of Satan," referred to by St.John in the Book of Revelations. In ancient times, only the library in Alexandria surpassed Pergamon's, which contained more than 200.000 volumes.
When the Alexandrians attempted to eclipse the Pergamon book bonanza by limiting the flow of papyrus from the Nile, Pergamon schoolers invented parchment from goat hides. The plot thıckned: when the library's Egyptian rival went up in flames. Marc Antony plundered Pergamon's shelves and presented the pilfered collection to Cleopatra.
Asclepion (Medical Center)
Under the direction of Galen, the most famous physician of the Roman Empire, Pergamon became the center of the cult of Asclepius, the Greek demi-god of healing and eponym of the Asclepion, which was both a temple and place of healing.
Allegedly, no patient left here unhealed, though undoubtedly, many were rushed out the back door in the throes of death. An impressive portion of the Asclepion remains, including a marble colonnade street, a theater, a library, a natural spring, and healing rooms.
Kizil Avlu (Red Baslica)
Red Basilica, which was originally built as a second-century temple to the Egyptian God Serapis and converted into a basilica during to Byzantine Empire. Pergamon Acropolis, The temple of Zeus, the Temple of Emperor Trojan, the Theatre, the Pergamum Library, Arsenals, Red Basilica, and the Asclepion medical center; after visiting all of them, we will drive for lunch.
After lunch, drive from Pergamon to Canakkale, It is 220 km/137 miles, and It will take about 4 hours. Overnight and Dinner in Canakkale.