"Pamukkale translates to 'Cotton Castle'... This natural phenomenon, designated a UNESCO Heritage site in 1988, with spectacular white calcium cliffs and beautiful turquoise blue pools, is truly a sight to behold. Once you get here, it's easy to see why. Pamukkale is like an alien landscape."
The journey from Denizli airport to Pamukkale is 66 km/41 miles one way and will take around 50 minutes. You will be picked up from your Hotel or Denizli Cardak Airport. Then drive to Pamukkale; during your journey, your local tour guide will give you lots of information about Pamukkale and Hierapolis, also your local tour guide will hand you your Pamukkale map, Hierapolis Map, and a Turkey Map to keep throughout your Pamukkale tour.
White Terraces -Calcium Travertines
Pamukkale and Pamukkale Tours is one of the top Famous Turkey Trips. Pamukkale, or 'Cotton Castle' when translated, has been drawing tourists from around the world to its thermal springs for more than 23 centuries. The Turkish name refers to the extraordinary surface of the snow-white cliffs, shaped over millennia by the accumulation of calcium deposited by mineral springs. Legend has it that the Cotton Castle formations are solidified cotton (the area's principal crop) that was left out to dry by giants.
Dripping slowly down a vast mountainside, mineral-rich water foams and collects in bowls that terrace the decline down the mountainside, spilling over petrified cascades of stalactites into milky pools below. These saucer-shaped travertines (or terraces, as they're also called) wind sideways down the powder-white mountain, providing a stunning contrast to the clear blue sky and green plain below. To protect the unique calcite surface, you must traverse the area barefoot. Although the terrace pools aren't bottomless, you can get fully submerged if you want; remember your towel! Don't worry; if you don't have a bathing suit or towel, you can buy a Turkish Towel, Do not Forget it is a Cotton principal crop. As a nice suvinour, you can take it away to your home.
You should have a healing dip in the sacred fountain of Cleopatra's Pool before leaving Pamukkale Tour. A swim in the effervescent waters of Cleopatra's Pool should be at the top of any Turkey Travel Itinerary. Strewn about the bottom of the crystal-clear Pool is a fantastic collection of striated columns and capitals, a striking reminder of Pool's pedigree. Cleopatra's Pool has warm, clear fizzy water that bubbles from the source of the spring, but these days has now been blocked off to prevent divers from disappearing into its hidden depths.
With temperatures of 35C, you can bathe in the natural thermal mud and waters and enjoy the curative effects (both medicinal and beauty) of the water, which had previously benefited the ancient Greek and Roman peoples for centuries. With its Thermo mineral and magnesium, calcium, carbon dioxide, sulfide, and bicarbonate, this curative water is suitable in many areas as a curative treatment.
The Ancient City of Hierapolis
The nearby ancient Hierapolis and its accompanying museums may be overshadowed by the springs, but they are also fascinating and worth the visit. After walking along the terraces, we will take a short walk to Hierapolis City, also known as 'Holy City.' Just outside the main entrance is the Necropolis (Graveyard), containing more than 1200 tombs and sarcophagi of people who wished to have been buried here. It was believed that the proximity of the hot springs and vapor-emitting cracks would ease their journey into the Underworld. Among the tombs lies the Martyrium, an octagonal 5th-century edifice believed to have been erected upon the site where St. Philip was martyred in 80 C.E.
The Hierapolis City Bath, the springs of Hierapolis, was particularly popular among vacationing Romans. You will notice that carved into the side of the mountain is the monstrous Grand Theater that dominates the vista of Hierapolis. It features a vast network of decorative elements from the 3rd century C.E., including ornately sculptured statues, columns, and arches, amongst other decorative parts. At its height, the Grand Theatre could host 25.000 boisterous fans and is still largely intact until this day. The Next stop is Red Spring. It will take about 7 minutes.
Red Spring (Karahayit)
Karahayit (Red Spring) heals its visitors with the famous red water. Your guide will explain in detail the properties, benefits, and diseases of the waters in the hot springs. You can extend your tour and stay in the spa hotels here. Red Water emerges from its source at 60 ºC with its distinctive red color in different seasons of each year. In addition to the thermal water, whose temperature values are constantly the same, it produces thermal mud. Red Water contains rich minerals, so it is a unique source of healing. Green, white and red-colored travertine layers have been formed due to the mineral oxides in this hot water.
The carbon dioxide rate in Red Water is also meager. Karahayit has travertines just like Pamukkale Travertines. However, don't expect a cotton-white look here. You will see red travertines here with the effect of red water. Of course, there is no unique view like Pamukkale, but a different view awaits you. The most crucial feature of red water is that it contains hypotonic and hypothermal mineral waters. It is known that it is good for circulatory system disorders in humans, and this information has been proven as a result of research. It is generally known to benefit blood pressure, diabetes, brain, gall bladder, heart, asthma, and liver diseases. Our next stop is Aphrodisias. It will take one and half a hours to drive.
Aphrodisias was named after Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of Love who had her unique cult image, the Aphrodite of Aphrodisias. The excavations have been going on since 1961, after Aphrodisias, which gained fame all over the Mediterranean world in Antiquity with its high-quality marble quarries and talented sculptors, was accidentally discovered by master photographer Ara Güler in 1958. Known as the most magnificent of the cities dedicated to Aphrodite, the goddess of Love and beauty in mythology, Aphrodisias took its place among the best sculptor centers of the Roman period.
Buildings such as the city pool, Tetrapylon Gate, Sebasteion Temple, ancient theater, and bath, reflecting the magnificence of Rome, especially the stadium with a capacity of 30 thousand, which is shown among the best of its period, are the areas that attract the most attention. About 200 of the 1100 statues unearthed from the region are on display in the ancient city. At the entrance of Aphrodisias, the face sculptures, some of which were made later, almost resemble a painting.
Aphrodisias Archaeological Museum
The museum, where sculptures from the excavations in the Aphrodisias Ancient City belonging to the Roman Empire period, which is on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List, are exhibited, takes its visitors on a journey in history and takes them 2,500 years ago. It is noteworthy that the elements of women, family, and mythology, called the "Aphrodisias school," were engraved on 300 sculptures, 80 of which were 3D relief sculptures made by the students of the sculpture school of the period.
Relief sculptures, which preserve their originality, were placed in a specially made corridor inside the museum, as they faced the street in front of the Sebasteion Temple in the center of the city at the time they were made. An atmosphere of that day When we examine the sculptures in detail, more mythological scenes are described in marble, where the human anatomy is reflected very well. It offers us sections from the lives of the emperors of that period. We see the victories of the emperors reflected in the reliefs. We will have a local lunch by Aphrodisias; after lunch, we will drive back to Denizli Cardak Airport.